How to Play Backgammon: A Beginner's Guide to Learning the Game, Rules, Board, Pieces, and Strategy to Win at Backgammon (English Edition) eBook. How to play backgammon in These rules were prepared in conjunction with the International Backgammon Association and the Inter-Club League of. Welcome to Backgammon - Lord of the Board - If you LOVE playing online Backgammon with friends then you have come to the right place! Even if you are a.
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For the rest of the game, players alternate turns. Roll the dice on your turn and use the displayed numbers to move your checkers, either moving one checker for each die amount or moving one checker the combined amount.
The goal of the game is to move all your checkers onto your "home board," which contains points 1 through 6. Once all 15 of your checkers are on these points, you can begin to "bear them off.
Attempt to "bar" your opponent's checkers by moving your checker onto a point occupied by one of your opponent's checkers. Their checker must be moved to the bar and removed on their next turn.
You cannot move a checker to a point occupied by two or more of your opponent's checkers. Remove your checkers from the bar, if necessary, as you cannot perform any other moves until all of your checkers have been debarred.
Player's points are conventionally referred to by their position number starting at one in the player's home board, which would also be their opponents outermost 24 point, going up incrementally as you move along and around.
Starting a Game The initial positions of the players' checkers at the start of a game are two on each player's 24 point, five on each player's 13 point, three on each player's 8 point, and five on each player's 6 point.
This can be seen in Fig 1 below. Fig 1. A board showing the players' checkers in their initial positions. An alternate arrangement is the reverse of the one shown here, with the home boards on the left and the outer boards on the right.
To decide who goes first, each player rolls a single die with the highest going first and taking the two dice values rolled as the values by which they move their checkers in their first turn.
Players then take turns at rolling their dice and moving their checkers around the board. The object of a game is for players to move all their checkers to their home-board.
One player moves their checkers in a clockwise direction around the board while the other moves in an anticlockwise direction. Players may move their checker from its current point to a subsequent point in sequence around the board by counting along the points by the value of numbers rolled with the dice.
Players may move 1, 2, 3, or 4 checkers in a turn depending on the dice values thrown and the player's choice of available moves.
There are four types of quadrants: the player's home board and outer board, and the opponent's home board and outer board.
The intersection of these four quadrants, the middle of the board, is separated by a ridge called the bar. Each player's home board is positioned on the right quadrant closest to the player.
The home boards are opposite each other, and so are the outer boards, which are located in the left quadrant. The player moves his checkers from the direction of the other player's home board in a horse-shoe like direction, moving counterclockwise.
The triangles are numbered from in most of the Backgammon boards, with the 24th point being the furthest point from the player, and with 1 being the right most triangle on the player's home court.
The players must move their pieces from opposite sides of the board, so one player's 1st point is the other player's 24th point, one player's 2nd point is the other player's 23rd point, and so on.
Set up the board. Each player must set up his 15 checkers for the game to begin. The players' checkers will be comprised of two distinct colors, traditionally white and red, or white and black but it can also be other colors.
To set up the board, each player must place two checkers on their 24 point, three checkers on his 8 point, five checkers on his 13 point, and five more checkers on his 6 point.
Roll a die to determine who goes first. The player who rolls the highest number will go first. If both players roll the same number, roll again.
The numbers rolled will count as the first moves for the player with the highest number. For example, if one player rolled a 5 and the other rolled a 2, then the player who rolled the 5 would go first and use the 5 and 2 in lieu of a new dice roll.
Remember that you can double the stakes at any time. In backgammon, the winner doesn't gain points, but the loser loses points.
So if you win, the opponent will either lose based on the face value, double value, or triple value of the stakes on the doubling cube.
The doubling cube isn't a die but a marker. It starts at 1, but you can raise the stakes at any time at the beginning of your turn before you have rolled the dice.
He will have ownership of the cube and will be able to propose a doubling during any of his future turns. If your opponent does not accept your offer, he must forfeit the game and lose by the original stakes.
You can keep doubling the stakes back and forth, or redoubling , but it's not traditionally done more than three or four times in a game.
Part 2 of Roll the dice. Use a dice tumbler to roll two six-sided dice once during each of your turns. The numbers rolled represent two separate moves.
For example, if you roll a 3 and a 5, you can move one checker three spaces and another checker 5 spaces. Or, you can move one checker 3 spaces and then 5 more spaces.
If either of the dice lands on a checker, outside of the board, or leaning against the edge of the board, then it is not considered valid and you will have to reroll.
Move your checkers to an open point. An open point is any point on the board that is not occupied by two or more opposing checkers.
You can move your checkers to a point with no checkers on it, a point with one or more of your checkers on it, or a point with one of your opponent's checkers on it.
Remember that you should always move your checkers counter-clockwise, moving from your opponent's home court to your own. You only need 2 checkers to block a point, but you can have as many of your checkers as you want on a single point.
Remember that you can either move one checker twice or move two checkers once. For example, if you roll a , you can move one checker 3 points over and then 2 points over, as long as it lands on an open point both times.
Alternately, you can move one checker 2 points over to an open point, and move another checker 3 points over to an open point. Play the numbers on the dice twice if you roll doubles.
If you roll the same number on both dice, then you've earned yourself two extra moves. If you roll double 3s, for example, then you can make four moves of 3 points each.
As long as the total moves add up to 12 and each move lands in an open point, you're in good shape. Lose your turn if you can't play either number.
For example, if you roll a , but you can't find an open point when moving any checker either 5 or 6 times, then you lose your turn. If you can only play one of the numbers, then you can play that number and lose your turn on the other number.
If you can only play one number or the other, then you have to play the higher number. If you can't play the doubled number you've rolled, you lose your turn.
Keep your checkers safe. If one of your checker's gets hit, then it will go to the bar and you will have to use your next turn to roll and try to reenter the board in your opponent's home board.
Do your best to keep at least two of your checkers on a point, at least early in the game. Try to dominate the board. Before you start moving your pieces into your home court, you should try to have many points occupied by 2 or 3 checkers instead of just a few points occupied by 5 or 6 checkers.
This will not only give you more options to move to open points, but will also make it harder for your opponent to move to an open point.
Part 3 of Hit a blot to move your opponent's checkers to the bar. If you hit a blot , a point occupied by just one of your opponent's checkers, then the opponent's checkers will be placed on the bar.
You should try to hit the blots whenever possible, as long as it helps you move your pieces as close to your home court as possible. This is a great way to slow down your opponent.
Enter your pieces when they are taken out. If a player hits a blot with one of your pieces on it, then you have to place your own checker on your bar.
You will also need a backgammon set which will include the backgammon board as well as the backgammon pieces and the dice.
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